Edinburgh, Scotland. John, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, born 25 September 1860, died 29 February 1908, also known as Viscount Aithrie before 1873 and as The 7th Earl of Hopetoun between 1873 and 1902, was a Scottish aristocrat, politician and colonial administrator. He is best known for his brief and controversial tenure as the first Governor General of Australia. When he became Governor General, he was 40 years old and he remains the youngest person to have held that office; he is also the shortest lived, dying at the age of 47. In Australia he is remembered as Lord Hopetoun. Hope was born at South Queensferry, West Lothian, the eldest son of the 6th Earl of Hopetoun and Ethelred Anne Hope. He was educated at Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst in England. He married, in London on 18 October 1886, girl next-door Hersey Alice Eveleigh-de Moleyns, formerly Mullins, a Scots born Irish aristocrat, daughter of 4th Baron Ventry, then aged 19. They would have two sons and a daughter; a second daughter died in infancy. Their elder son Victor would become Viceroy and Governor General of India between 1936 and 1943, after having declined the governorship of Madras and the governor generalship of Australia. In 1883, Hope became Conservative whip in the House of Lords and served as a Lord in Waiting to Queen Victoria from June 1885 to January 1886 and August 1886 to August 1889. From 1887 to 1889 he was also appointed Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. His final appointment was to that of Secretary for Scotland during the last months of the ministry of Arthur Balfour in 1905. However his political career failed to advance, and still plagued by poor health, he died suddenly of pernicious anaemia at Pau, France, on 29 February 1908.
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